Burnt Area of NAGAOKA - (11 of 21)
Fig 11.1 Burned Area in NAGAOKA by the Air Raid (ref.#3, pp870)
The logic to conduct the indiscriminative incendiary bombings on urban area of Japan was that Japan's war industries were surrounded by residential area; once houses around were burned, factories in the center could be burned together. But in the case of Nagaoka, residential area was burned mainly, while factories in the north were not attacked. Perhaps the B29 crews knew that Prisoners of War were there. It was recorded that 278 Netherlanders and 19 Americans were in Nagaoka as POWs at the end of the war.
Table 11.1 Damaged Buildings in NAGAOKA by the Air Raid (ref.#2, pp121)
|Type of Building||No Damage||Partially Burned||Burnout||Total||Percentage of Damaged|
|Leisure and Recreation||10||0||17||27||62.9%|
|Public and Governmental||123||3||65||191||35.6%|
|Temple and Shrine||26||2||80||108||75.9%|