echigonagaoka> Burnt Area of NAGAOKA

Burnt Area of NAGAOKA --- (11 of 21)


1.8 square miles area of the city of Nagaoka was burned, which was a mass distruction
Fig 11.1 Burned Area in NAGAOKA due to the Air Raid (ref.#3, pp870)
   1.78 square miles (4.62 km2) was burned out. 11,986 buildings were damaged. 9,329 of them were residential housings. US evaluation said that damaged area was 1.33 square miles, or 65.5% in percentage. But real damage was more severe than that.

   The reason of indiscriminative incendiary bombing on urban area was said that Japan's war industries were surrounded by residential area; once houses around were burned, factories in the center would be burned together. But in the case of Nagaoka, residential area was burned mainly, while factories in the north were not attacked. Perhaps the B29 crews knew that Prisoners of War were there. It was recorded that 278 Netherlanders and 19 Americans were in Nagaoka as POWs at the end of the war.

Table 11.1 Damaged Buildings in NAGAOKA due to the Air Raid (ref.#2, pp121)

Type of Building No Damage Partially Burned Burnout Total Percentage of Damaged
Commercial Establishment 207 114 1,985 2,306 90.9%
Industrial Establishment 133 8 263 404 51.2%
Residential Housing 2,619 74 9,255 11,948 78.0%
Leisure and Recreation 10 0 17 27 62.9%
Public and Governmental 123 3 65 191 35.6%
Temple and Shrine 26 2 80 108 75.9%
Other 19 33 87 139 86.3%
Total 3,137 234 11,752 15,123 79.2%