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map of Hall of the Righteous Men of Sado

Hall of the Righteous Men of Sado

How to get

Get off #2 bus (Minami-sen) at "Sado Sogo Koko Mae" bus stop. Walk on a high school side of the Bus route to the direction of Hatano a little. There is a small post office and "a corridor in the air" connecting high school buildings as shown in Photo.75.1. Turn that corner.

Photo.75.1 Branch Road from Bus Route to Jogataita

When you have walk through by the high school and got behind of it, there is a small river. Cross the bridge, and then you will see a small brown tower that has a level "栗野江No.283-1 マンホールポンプ場". In the Photo.75.2, the tower is standing between the second and third arrows. Choose the right of the two forked roads, to Fumon-in Temple as drawn on the map. Fumon-in (普門院) is a beautiful temple with a lot of stone Buddhist statues. It is also one of the so-called "Sado 88-pilgrimage".

Photo.75.2 Small River and Path to Fumon-in Temple

There is a T-intersection between Fumon-in Temple and Keitoku Temple. Turn left that corner as shown in Photo.75.3.

Photo.75.3 T-intersection Between Fumon-in and Keitoku Temples

Soon you will reach "Keitokuji (慶徳寺)" that is also one of temples of the so-called "Sado 88-pilgrimage". The temple is small, but it is not bad to see its small garden and small main hall. When you got to the Keitoku Temple, now you can see your destination clearly. As shown by the Photo.75.4, it is very easy to find Jogataira Hill on which the hall of the righteous men of Sado stands.

Photo.75.4 Jogataira Hill

The road in front of Keitoku Temple has the right turn of almost 90 degree. As you get closer to Jogataira Hill, there is an intersection. Cross the wide road and go as the second arrow in the Photo. 75.5.

Photo.75.5 Route to Climb up Jogahira Hill

Once you have gone beyond the intersection of Photo.76.5, you will see a small parking lot on the right and the stairway on the left as shown in Photo.75.6.

Photo.75.6 Stairway to the Top of Jogataira Hill

Walking on the stairway to the top, you will get to the top of Jogataira Hill. There is the hall of the righteous men of Sado. In order to ease 26 men’s spirits, the hall was first built in 1937. The current building is newly built as shown in Photo.75.7. Those 26 men brought actions to save farmers lives and died of the cause in Edo Era (1603- 1867). Actions were classified to "Osso", "Goso", and Rioting. Osso is bringing a case directly to the Samurai government "Bakufu" in Edo (then-Tokyo) without due procedure in the local magistrate office. Goso is mass complaining by the people, and rioting includes vandalizing1).

It is recorded that farmers’ uprisings "Ikki" happened twelve or thirteen times from 1603 to 18382). Of those uprisings "Ikki", people involved in four incidents in 1603, 1750, 1767, and 1838 were enshrined in this hall. Three people are listed for the ikki in Keicho 8th-yr (1603). In the 1603 Ikki, no records remain as to the sentences on farmers’ side. But one magistrate officer was sentence to death3). It is said that farmers’ side won the Ikki. One book guesses that samurai government "Bakufu" in Edo worried a bad influence to the Gold mine management which was getting the highest prosperity at that time4).

8 people are listed for the Ikki in Kan'en 2nd-yr (1749). In those years, Sado magistrate office ordered to increase tax by rice even though harvesting was very poor. Famine was so severe that farmers could not eat rice. Besides, the moral of officers were so deteriorated with many cases of bribery. Farmers filed a case to the Edo Bakufu by writing 28 statements about misgovernment by Sado magistrate office5). Many people on both sides were sentenced; 46 Officers and 13 farmers in total. Of those, three officers and two farmers were sentenced to capital punishments.

9 people are listed for the Ikki in Meiwa 4th-yr (1767). One of nine was not a farmer but the Buddhist Priest "Tacchu Henjo-bo Chisen". This episode is written in the page of Chokoku Temple. Many people were arrested but only Chisen was executed. After this Ikki, Samurai government in Edo demolished the controlling system by the deputy administrator in magistrate office6).

6 people are listed for the Ikki in Tempou 9th-yr (1838). This Ikki was a kind of mass movement that was participated by more than half of 260 villages on Sado Island. People destroyed houses of wholesale dealers and rice dealers through May to August until 370 personnel of Bakufu and the Takada clan armies put down the movement7). One of leaders died in prison. Punishments on farmers' side were disproportionately heavy to that of officer side got8).

Photo.75.7 The Hall of the Riughteous Men of Sado

The hall is on the top of small mountain, Jogataira. Actually this is the very nice view point. Probably the best view point in Sado would be Hakuundai9) on the Osado Skyline. However, it is too far and high to walk. If you want to go to Haku-undai, you need to drive a car or ask your Japanese friend to give you a ride. Of the viewpoints where you can visit by walking, this Jogataira is the best. You can see the wide view of Osado Mountains and the Kuninaka plain as shown in Photo.75.8.

Photo.75.8 View from the Top of Jogataira Hill